Civic Service

Because virtually all academic positions turned the employee into a servitor of the Russian state, this category refers to those who were active in some sort of official/civil position beyond any of their associations with archeology. In the same vein, most archeologists served on regional statistical and archeographical commissions, so those are not included. The greatest potential for this came through the local zemstvos, where men could be elected to boards that managed local affairs, such as hygiene and primary education. This category is intended to highlight the relationship between archeologists and civic engagement. Representatives of the Nobility are included here, as are ministerial appointments.