Dorpat University

Originally founded in 1632 as a Swedish university in present-day Estonia, what became Dorpat University underwent several incarnations before being shuttered in 1710 as the result of defeat in the Great Northern War. The Baltic Germans of the Russian empire reopened it in 1802, and the Russification policies of the late 19th century renamed it Iurev University in 1898; today it is the University of Tartu.