Historical Museum

The building of this museum resulted from the ambitions of the founding members of the Moscow Archeological Society, Ivan Zabelin and Alexei and Praskovia Uvarov, to build a museum that would in ideological competition with the Hermitage in St. Petersburg. The great minds behind the museum wanted a place to showcase Russia’s history rather than the most aesthetic treasures excavated from around the empire. Architect Vladimir Osipovich Sherwood/Shervud was the Anglo-Russian architect, famous for his “Russian Revival” style, designed the building, under construction 1875-1881. Interrupted by the assassination of Alexander II in 1881, the museum opened officially when Tsar Alexander III and his wife, Maria Federovna, visited in 1883.