Kliuchevskii, V. O.

Arguably the most influential historian in Imperial Russia, Kliuchevskii broke with his mentor, the eminent Sergei Solovev, over their differing theoretical approaches to history, which had implications for archeology. Kliuchevskii considered Solovev too driven by state formation, that is, by the archival documents, whereas he preferred social and economic motives, and drew much from material culture.