Oreshnikov, A. V.

The son of an ambitious merchant, Oreshnikov loved only the coin aspect of trade and became an extraordinary numismatist, earning both the Uvarov Prize and and a gold medal from the IRAO. Family wealth gave him the opportunity to live as the first generation of noble numismatists had, including the Uvarovs. He left behind diaries of his postrevolutionary life.

Kalachov, N. V.

The first director of the St. Petersburg Archeological Institute, Kalachov was first and foremost an archivist who directed the archive of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Empire for decades. Having served on several provincial archeographical commissions, most notably, he also served on two of Alexander II’s commissions that wrote the Great Reforms: that for the emancipation of the serfs, and also for the judicial reforms. Beyond this, he also participated in the Commission for Study of Popular Juridical Practices under Geographic Society, and several Provincial Archival Commissions. A stalwart at the archeological congresses when alive, he kept attention forcused on the need for professional maintenance of them.

Likhachev, A. F.

A. F. Likhachev personified the antiquarian-turned-archeologist. Deeply devoted to Kazan, where his family had lived there for generations, Likhachev was especially well known for his collections of archeological artefacts from the region. His work took him to the Chancery of Governor of Kazan.

Korsakov, D. A.

Though from Muscovite pedigree, nephew of the influential scholar K. D. Kavelin, Korsakov studied at the University of Kazan, where he remained throughout his career. His wife, interestingly, had divorced the archimandrite who would serve the Orthodox flock in Rome.

Anuchin, D. N.

The most important anthropologist in Imperial Russia, Anuchin provided the link between ethnography and archeology. A moderate Darwinist, and a translator of John Lubbock’s work, he never made that a credo of archeology, such as the latter did in London. Always extremely active in the congresses, he also edited the IMAO’s “Zapiski” in the 1890s. Although he never succeeded in professionalizing anthropology in Imperial Russia, today’s Institute in Moscow bears his name, as do a crater on the moon, a Kuril island, a glacier, and a mountain. For decades after Alexei Uvarov’s death he served as Praskovia’s righthand man.

Bayern, F. S.

An Austrian immigrant, Bayern traveled first to Odessa as a naturalist who developed an interest in archeology. Viceroy of the Caucasus M. S. Vorontsov dispatched him there in 1849, where he pioneered in developing scientific interests in the Caucasus. He contributed to local museums as well, e.g., the Piatigorsk Museum and the Ekaterinodar Museum.