Sumtsov, N. F.

One of the first members of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences when it was established in 1918, Sumtsov had a distinguished career in ethnography. Among his other positions, he had curated the Ethnographic Museum at Kharkov University, the product of the 12th Congress. At the congress he had argued to petition the Ministry of Internal Affairs to protect the local musical intruments and song, кобзари и лирники.

Savenkov, I. T.

The “Siberian Lomonosov,” Ivan Savenkov had a remarkable array of interests by any standard. From Irkutsk, he returned to Siberia after graduating from St. Petersburg University, this time to Krasnoiarsk, first as a teacher, which led to his opening a pedogocial institute there and developing ideas about physical education for students. Locally, he involved himself in everything from acting in the local theatre troupe to leading student excavations of local kurgans. A chess aficionado, he designed a match in which villages could play each other using telegraph codes. From 1907-1911 he directed what remains one of the most impressive local museums in Russia or elsewhere, the Minusinsk Museum of Local History. Digging on Mount Afontovo in the summer of 1914, he died of a heart attack.

Kavraiskii, F. F.

An ichtheologist, like his mentor Bogdanov, Kavraiskii was also drawn to archeology, and he mapped the kurgans of Moscow Province. Outside of archeology, he held a mosaic of positions at the Zoological Museum of Moscow University, the Ministry of Imperial Domains, the Zoological Lab of Tiflis Sericulture Plant, the Russian consulate in Leipzig, and the Astrakhan Ichthyological Laboratory. He donated some of his finds to the Historical Museum.

Miller, V. F.

Miller’s specialty lay in eastern languages and linguistics, but he was also engaged with byliny, Russia’s epic poetry. He replaced his teacher Buslaev at Moscow University.

Korsakov, D. A.

Though from Muscovite pedigree, nephew of the influential scholar K. D. Kavelin, Korsakov studied at the University of Kazan, where he remained throughout his career. His wife, interestingly, had divorced the archimandrite who would serve the Orthodox flock in Rome.

Kertselli, N. G.

Kertselli moved straight into the bureaucracy from his Moscow gymnasium, and developed into an ethnographer. He ended up at the Dashkov Ethnographic Department of the Rumiantsev Museum, having received a silver medal at the 1867 exhibition. He excavated in numerous kurgans in the Moscow vicinity, and later in the Caucasus. Moreover, he had a special interest in the material culture of Buddhist ceremonies among the Buriat tribes.

Filimonov, G. D.

One of the founding members of IMAO, Filimonov enjoyed the leisure of his noble background to educate himself in many aspects of archeology. In 1867 he was sent to Paris to manage the display of Russian antiquities at the International Exposition, and he also worked on the Ethnographic Exhibition in Moscow in 1879. A curator at both Moscow’s Armoury and the Rumiantsev Museum, the Imperial Society of Lovers of Natural Sciences, Anthropology,and Ethnography dispatched him to both Crimea and then the Caucasus to oversee excavations.

Anuchin, D. N.

The most important anthropologist in Imperial Russia, Anuchin provided the link between ethnography and archeology. A moderate Darwinist, and a translator of John Lubbock’s work, he never made that a credo of archeology, such as the latter did in London. Always extremely active in the congresses, he also edited the IMAO’s “Zapiski” in the 1890s. Although he never succeeded in professionalizing anthropology in Imperial Russia, today’s Institute in Moscow bears his name, as do a crater on the moon, a Kuril island, a glacier, and a mountain. For decades after Alexei Uvarov’s death he served as Praskovia’s righthand man.

Bogdanov, A. P.

Bogdanov measured skulls. He did not so much as participate in excavations himself as take the measurements of the skeletons that others sent to him, and tried to define the contours of race and ethnicity. Bogdanov provided the inspiration for and organization of the Russian Ethnographic Exhibition of 1867. Moreover, he mentored Dmitrii Anuchin, Russia’s principal ethnographer-archeologist.