Liutsenko, A. E.

An engineer serving in various capacities for the Ministry of Communications in southern Russia, he developed a keen interest in archeology when planning roads and railroads. In 1850 Minister of the Interior L. A. Perovskii, himself an engineer, sent Liutsenko to excavate in Crimea; in 1853, he appointed Liutsenko director of the Kerch Museum of Antiquities. His brother Efim worked a bit alongside him in excavations and at the museum. Another brother, Danilo, was also an archeologist, from Kiev.

Blaramberg, I. P.

An army officer, Ivan Pavlovich typified the foreigners who found themselves in service to the Russian state during the reign of Alexander I. He moved there in 1797, originally working for the British, but transferred into Russian service in 1804. No longer with the military, he ended up in Odessa, New Russia, in 1808. By 1812, he was head of the Odessa customs office, an important position for this port city; he retired in 1824. In Odessa he met Du Brux and Stempkovskii, and the three of them worked out their growing interest in the antiquities along the Black Sea littoral. When Tsar Alexander I ordered that museums be built in Odessa and Kerch, on Crimea, to house these treasures, Governor-General of New Russia M. S. Vorontsov quite naturally appointed the established bureaucrat with the passion for the exotic past, Blaramberg.

Du Brux, P. A.

“Part of the wreckage of the French Revolution,” as Rostovtsev accurately described Du Brux, he was one of the Frenchmen who escaped Napoleon in New Russia, governed then by their fellow countryman, the Duc de Richelieu. Du Brux, a former army officer, developed a passion for archeology when stumbling around the wealth of materials along the Black Sea littoral. As ground was being broken for new barracks, he discovered the Kul Oba kurgan. He personified the transformation from treasure hunter to scientist, and helped to establish the Kerch Museum. He lies buried on Mt. Mithridat, a testament to the Cimmerian Bosporus kingdom that had ultimately been absorbed into the Roman Empire.