Kliuchevskii, V. O.

Arguably the most influential historian in Imperial Russia, Kliuchevskii broke with his mentor, the eminent Sergei Solovev, over their differing theoretical approaches to history, which had implications for archeology. Kliuchevskii considered Solovev too driven by state formation, that is, by the archival documents, whereas he preferred social and economic motives, and drew much from material culture.

Gorskii, A. V.

An archpriest (протоиерей), that is, a member of the white clergy, Gorskii was a professor of dogmatic theology at the Moscow Spiritual Academy and an erudite scholar in the history and archeology of the Russian church, as well as of biblical archeology. He was also a member of the Iaroslavl Natural History Society.