Stasov, V. V.

A public figure, litterateur, art and music critic extraordinaire, and active in establishing and curating museums, Stasov’s presence at the IMAO from 1866 reflects the importance of the society to the number of pursuits that grouped under the rubric “archeology.” Although he did not excavate, he wrote on everything from “Russian folk instruments” to “The throne of the khans of Khiva” and “Armenian Manuscripts.” More the intellectual gadfly than the serious scholar of archeology, he is impossible to locate. By the same token, it is equally impossible to exclude him.

Olenin, A. N.

By virtue of his being President of the Academy of Arts in the era when Johann Winckelmann’s ideas were giving archeology direction, Olenin can be credited with teaching Russia’s first courses in it. Personal friends with Alexei Uvarov’s father, Sergei, Olenin enjoyed the classical education of the men of his social standing. Moreover, he was one of the first directors of Publichka.

Maikov, L. N.

Scion of a well-known literary family, Leonid Nikolaevich published extensively himself, though in educational and historical publications, some with a more popular focus. He had a minor focus on byliny, or Russian epics, and was actively involved with organizing numerous archeological congresses. Moreover, he taught at the Petersburg Archeological Institute.

Brosse, M. I.

Brosset began studying to join the Jesuits in Paris, but then realized the priesthood was not his calling. He had studied Hebrew there, and then began adding Chinese and other eastern languages to his repertoire. When he added Georgian and Armenian, the Paris Asiatic Society took notice; in order to learn more about Georgia, he studied Russian. When the French political turmoils of 1830 disrupted his plans, President of the Russian Academy of Sciences Sergei Uvarov brought him to St. Petersburg, where he became renowned as an Orientalist. He served as director of the Eastern Section of the IRAO, 1859-67. His voyage to the Zakavkaze in 1847-48 produced a book of marvelous etchings.

Garkavi, A. Ia.

Trying to categorize Garkavi is as problematic as deciding which name to use: Avraam/Albert Yakovlevich Harkavy, Авраа́м Я́ковлевич Гарка́ви, or Avraham Eliyahu ben Yaakov Harkavy. History and Wikipedia emphasize his importance as a scholar of Judaism, but that narrows the breadth of his focus and his importance to archeology, especially in decoding manuscripts, especially sources written by Arabic travellers. An Orientalist, he headed the Oriental section at Publichka. There is no immediate tag for someone who was both active in the Jewish community and rose through the ranks to become a member of the Russian hereditary nobility.